Geoinformatics is an interdisciplinary branch of science which is basically comprised of 3S component, Remote sensing (RS), Geographic Information System (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS). In the present-day context, Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing are playing a crucial role in our environmental development, raw materials assessment, urbanization, study of watershed, survey and management of cultivable land, study of forestry, geological structure, disaster management and supervision, etc. In fact, GIS and RS have emerged as key instruments for retrieving data and information on the earth during the last 30 years.
It is a multidisciplinary subject that combines various aspects into one unit and makes use of technology and science to address and solve real world issues. It deals with integration of spatial and non-spatial or attribute information to provide easily interpretable solutions of real-world problems through visualization using maps and spatial analyses techniques.
The government and non-government sectors are nowadays increasingly feeling the need for trained human resource in the field of GIS & RS for policy formulation as well as implementation and monitoring of their schemes and projects. Even though GIS & RS has been incorporated into the syllabus at both graduate and post-graduate levels, such trainings tend to be more academic and research-oriented. There is a general lack of availability of option for interested students to take up skill-based courses in the field of Geoinformatics so as to enable themselves to become eligible to be employed in this field. Therefore, it becomes incumbent for educational institutions to offer skill-based courses in GIS & RS (Geoinformatics) not only to ensure employability of the youths but also to satisfy the needs and requirements of the industry at large.
The uses of GIS, GPS, and RS technologies, either individually or in combination, span a broad range of applications and degrees of complexity. The output as obtained from them is being wildly used in decision making task at various levels. Geoinformatics has now become an integral decision-making tool for government, quasi-government, nongovernment and private departments, organisations and institutions. This has resulted in opening up of a large employment catchment area in this fieldnotonlyinthegovernmentsector,butalsointhequasi-government,privateor non-government sectors. Trained GIS & RS human resource is sought by the government departments such as Forest &Environment, Public Works, Administrative, Home, Police, Agriculture,Water Resources, Social Welfare etc. For example, the Home (policing)department needs spatially referenced data in order to map and assesscrime hotspots and strategize policing accordingly. Traffic management,be it roadways or railways, increasingly employs live spatially enabledmonitoring of vehicles in order to avoid traffic congestions and collisions.The Forest & Environment department requires spatial data to map,understand, formulate policies and administer protected areas, humanwildlife conflicts, conduct of wildlife and habitat surveys etc. Government dealing with Water Resources and Disaster Management requirespatially referenced attribute databases in order to pre-empt and managedisasters such as floods, landslides etc. Digitization of land ownershiprecords and spatial mapping of individual land parcels has become a keyproject for Land and Revenue Departments of all states of the country. Infact, the government is nowadays increasingly using spatially enabledtechnologies to monitor the implementation of numerous infrastructural projects. Private sectors too actively seek trained human resources not only forimplementation of projects and schemes but also in terms ofimplementation of their CSR initiatives. Cab aggregators and app-basedfood delivery companies depend entirely on GIS technologies for their daily functioning. Oil and Mining exploration too requires extensiveknowledge on GIS and RS technologies. GIS & RS science has become ubiquitous in the field of education andresearch due to their interdisciplinary nature. Research institutions andnon-government organisations conducting research and projects relatedto environment, forest and wildlife conservation, livelihood and alternativelivelihood support, crime and criminology, natural resource management,environmental impact assessment, social welfare schemes, educationetc. require support of GIS and RS for effective implementation of theirfunded projects.
Geoinformatics is an interdisciplinary subject which integrates subject components like GPS, GIS, Remote Sensing, Land Change Analysis, Climatology, Meteorology, Cartography, Aerial Photography, Hydrology, Photogrammetry, Natural Resource Management, Ecology, Environment, Wildlife Management etc., to name a few. This is the very reason why this study incorporates interdisciplinary nature leading to demands of human resource trained with GIS & RS skills by various industries, departments and organisations. Some of the industries, organisations and departments which seek skilled GIS & RS personnel are as follows:
Multiple-exit option, i.e. students may exit the course with certificate, diploma or advanced diploma before completion of 3 years.
|Semester 1||Core Course||Fundamentals of Geography & Cartography||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Fundamentals of Computers & Programming||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course||English||Theory||4|
|Semester 2||Core Course||Principles of GIS & Remote Sensing||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Digital Image Processing||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course||Environmental Science||Theory||4|
|Semester 3||Core Course||Applications & Scope of Geoinformatics||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Field Surveys using Digital Survey Tools - I||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Skill Enhancement Course (Any One)||Fundamentals of Ecology & Environment||Theory||4|
|Fundamentals of Disaster Management|
|Fundamentals of Water Resource Management and Hydrology|
|Semester 4||Core Course||Advanced GIS & Remote Sensing Techniques||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Field Surveys using Digital Survey Tools - II||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Skill Enhancement Course (Any One)||Fundamentals of Land Management & Survey Techniques||Theory||4|
|Fundamentals of Human Settlement and Urban Planning|
|Fundamentals of Agriculture & Plantation Science|
|Semester 5||Skill Enhancement Course||Spoken English Skills & Writing Project Proposals||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Discipline Specific Course||Advanced Photogrammetry Techniques||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Geomathematics and Geostatistics||Practical||6|
|Application of Geoinformatics in Any One of the Subject Area:
a. Ecology & Wildlife
b. Water Resource Management & Hydrology
c. Agriculture & Plantation
|Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Semester 6||Skill Enhancement Course||Personal Grooming & Facing Interviews||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Discipline Specific Course||Development of GIS & Remote Sensing based Mobile APP Solutions||Theory & Practical||4+2|
|Application of Geoinformatics in Any One of the Subject Area:
a. Land Surveys
b. Disaster Management
c. Urban Planning
|Term Paper & Dissertation on Any One of the Skill Enhancement Papers opted by the student during previous semesters||Theory & Practical||4|